Founding of San Jose, California 1777

Do you know the way to San José? Latinx explorers and settlers certainly did, and they founded the city on November 29, 1777. José Joaquín de la Santísima Trinidad Moraga, who was born in the area of the Spanish empire now known as Arizona, led the expedition. San José was Spain’s first civilian and secular settlement in California, meaning that it was not part of a military expedition or a mission.  San José was a village of farmers that provided agricultural produce for the larger Spanish settlements nearby. San José is now the 10th most populous city in the US, and is the center of technology leadership at Silicon Valley. (Image: map of the city in 1781 from the Pueblo papers)

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