Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

The island nation of Trinidad and Tobago became an independent republic on October 26, 1976.  The nation is comprised of two islands near the coast of Venezuela in the Caribbean; Trinidad is the larger island.  Christopher Columbus invaded the island in 1498, when the Taino nations resided there.  The islands remained under Spanish control until 1797, when a fleet of British warships arrived and demanded the capitulation of the Spanish Governor (that’s sooo British!).  Trinidad and Tobago remained under British rule until 1962, when it became independent.   The country’s economy is primarily industrial, rather than dependent on tourism, and petroleum and petrochemicals are key industries.  The multicultural nation is also known for its cultural achievements, including originating the music of steel pan and calypso.

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