President of Argentina Inaugurated 1974

On July 1, 1974, Isabel Martínez de Perón was inaugurated as President of Argentina.  Perón was the third wife of another former President, Juan Perón.  When her husband died in office, Perón served his term.  She was the first non-royal woman head of state and head of government in the Western Hemisphere.  Unfortunately, during Argentina’s Dirty War, Perón allegedly signed decrees allowing the military to arrest and murder Argentine citizens declared as “subversives.”  Perón herself was arrested a few years later during her exile in Spain; Spanish courts subsequently refused to extradite her to Argentina.

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