Venezuelan Independence 1811

The South American democratic revolutions against the Spanish royalists gained momentum in the early 19th century.  On July 5, 1811, Venezuela declared independence from Spain, the first country on the southern continent to begin its liberation from colonial powers.  Venezuela had a difficult path to its independence.  The first Republic of Venezuela did not fully achieve victory until 10 years later, in 1821.  Venezuela is now a federal presidential republic of about 29 million people, comprised of 23 states, the Capital District of Caracas, and Federal Dependencies.

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