Spanish Founders of Idaho

On July 3, 1890, Idaho was admitted to the Union as the 43rd US state. Joining the Americans in the celebrations were Idaho’s native citizens of Spanish Basque heritage.  Idaho has one of the largest concentrations of Spanish Basque populations outside of Spain.  The Basque region is in the northeast of Spain, where the Basques maintain their language, cultural identity, and some of the most marvelous food on either continent.  Spanish Basques immigrated to Idaho to work in the mining and livestock industries during the early 19th century.  A number of towns in Idaho are named in Spanish, including Alameda Arco, Orofino, Sana Gonanza, Acequia, Lorenzo, de Lamar, Mesa and Carmen.  (Photo from

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