Fall of the Incan Empire 1532

It was a tragic day in the history of the powerful, sophisticated Incan empire, Spanish invaders captured their emperor and began the conquest of their empire. The Spanish termed the encounter on November 16, 1532 as the “Battle of Cajamarca”. From the Incan perspective, noting that the Incans who met with the Spanish were unarmed, this was the day of a massacre. The Incans, thinking that they were to attend a meeting with the Spanish, were massed in the town square. Acting on a pre-arranged signal, the Spanish opened fire with canons and charged on horseback. The Incans were defeated by disease, gunpowder, steel, and horses.
Fue un día trágico en la historia del poderoso y sofisticado imperio Inca, los invasores españoles capturaron a su emperador y comenzaron la conquista de su imperio. Los españoles denominaron el encuentro del 16 de noviembre de 1532 como la “Batalla de Cajamarca”. Desde la perspectiva inca, notando que los incas que se reunieron con los españoles estaban desarmados, este fue el día de una masacre. Los incas, pensando que iban a asistir a una reunión con los españoles, se concentraron en la plaza del pueblo. Actuando en una señal preestablecida, los españoles abrieron fuego con cañones y cargaron a caballo. Los incas fueron derrotados por enfermedades, pólvora, acero y caballos.

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