Fall of the Incan Empire 1532

It was a tragic day in the history of the powerful, sophisticated Incan empire, as their emperor was captured and the conquest of their empire began. The Spanish termed the encounter on November 16, 1532 as the “Battle of Cajamarca”. From the Incan perspective, noting that the Incans who met with the Spanish were unarmed, this was the day of a massacre. The Incans, thinking that they were to attend a meeting with the Spanish, were massed in the town square.  Acting on a pre-arranged signal, the Spanish opened fire with canons and charged on horseback. The unarmed Incans were defeated by gunpowder, steel, and horses, and their emperor was captured, beginning the long, deadly conquest.

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